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Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial center of East India. The city has 4.5 million residents; the metropolitan area (including suburbs) has a population of approximately 14.2 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India and the 13th-most populous urban area in the world. Kolkata is also classified as the eighth-largest urban agglomeration in the world.

Kolkata served as the capital of India during the British Raj until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages and a growing nationalism in Bengal led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. The city is noted for its vibrant political culture. It was a center of the Indian struggle for independence, and remains a hotbed of contemporary politics. Once the center of modern education, science, culture, and politics in India, Kolkata witnessed economic stagnation in the years following India’s independence in 1947. However, since 2000 economic rejuvenation has led to an acceleration in the city’s growth. Like other metropolitan cities in developing countries, Kolkata continues to deal with contemporary urban problems such as pollution and traffic congestion.

Other Information

  • Former name : Calcutta
  • Country : India
  • State : West Bengal
  • Spoken languages : Bengali, English, Hindi, Urdu
  • Time zone : IST (UTC+05:30)
  • Area : 1,480 square kilometres (570 sq mi)
  • Elevation : 9 metres (30 ft)
  • Pincode : 700 xxx
  • Telephone : +91-33-XXXX XXXX
  • Vehicle : WB 01-79



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